Like the people, when something is successfully introduced to Afghanistan it tends
to stay and in the 800s the Pashtuns introduced Islam, which has since altered and
dictated a great proportion of Afghan culture. The people tend to regularly practice
Islam and follow nearly all aspects demanded by the faith, including the absence
of pork and alcohol, as well as women covering their hair.
More than these laws, the form of Islam in Afghanistan encourages a conservative
lifestyle, which has translated to a traditional way of life with strong family
ties and conservative views on relationships between the sexes and marriage. These
viewpoints aren't shared across the country and seemingly each mountain valley
or ethnic minority has a varying interpretation of laws and moral beliefs, but they
tend to be similar and quite conservative as a whole.
This has led to a very fragmented nation in which the Pashtuns, Tajiks, and Uzbeks,
among many others, differ in opinions, but agree in that they seek independence
from the other groups and outside parties. To magnify this situation, it has historically
been rather difficult to enforce laws in Afghanistan's wilderness so the people
have learned to rule themselves in small groups. This has led to strengthening family
and clan ties, while also widening the differences between groups.
Today there remains a general lack of faith in governmental systems and politics
as the people return to inwardly solving issues that are real or perceived. Unlike
so much of the world, technology and communication found elsewhere in the world
are rare in Afghanistan outside the larger cities, for the most part, the people
continue to live as they have for centuries: off the land and reliant on their family,
neighbors, and friends.