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Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Antigua & Barbuda


Nearly all of Antigua & Barbuda's population is ethnically African. These people today are generally the descendants of slaves so their actual origin is debatable as each individual may be from an entirely different ethnic background. However, most of the slaves who arrived to these islands were Yoruba or Igbo, meaning they are from the modern countries of Nigeria and Benin. There is a small number of people that are entirely of European origin, but this is a very small minority. Additionally, there are people who are a combination of ethnically African, European, and/or American Indian.


English is the only official language of Antigua & Barbuda as most people on the islands natively speak English. Many of the English speakers on the islands have heavy local dialects which vary from one to the next. These accents are also quite different from the accent of larger English-speaking countries and more closely reflect the accent in nearby Caribbean nations.


Over three quarters of Antigua & Barbuda's population is Protestant in some form; the largest of these groups being Anglican, which makes up a quarter of the total population, Seventh-Day Adventists, and Pentecostal. Another 16% is also Christian, including the Roman Catholics, who make up about 10% of the population.

Protestantism is a general term referring to nearly every Christian religion that is not Catholic or Orthodox. Like all Christian faiths, Protestants believe there is one God and that His son, Jesus is the savior and forgiver of sins. Protestants also believe that the Bible, which includes the Old and New Testaments, is the only true word of God. Due to this reliance on the Bible, nearly every protestant faith, and even individual, may interpret the Bible differently, which has led to a huge number of Protestant churches.

This page was last updated: May, 2014