With independence in the early 1800s the strongest architectural influence came
from the European immigrants, who were generally
Spanish, but the French and Italians
also made a huge impact. Again it was Buenos Aires that received nearly all of these
new structures as the styles remained very European in design and included the Iglesia
de Santa Felicitam, the National Congress, and others.
In the 1900s Argentina continued to import styles from
Europe as Art Nouveau became popular at the start of the
century and sky scrapers dominated the latter half of the century. In between these
styles came a resurgence of neo-Classicism, a strong Art Deco movement, and a few
local movements. Again Buenos Aires received most of the architectural gems in this
century as the capital boasts a modern skyline today, but is also home to numerous
Art Deco structures including the Banco el Hogar Argentino and the Kavanagh Building.
As the country continues to build upwards, the focus is on office spaces as well
as residential sky scrapers. These buildings have found their way to Buenos Aires,
Mendoza, Cordoba, and numerous other cities.