The spring and fall (autumn) arrive between these two extremes and are typically
the rainiest times of the year through most of the country. Generally speaking,
the rains are heaviest in Buenos Aires in February-March and October-November, with
each month averaging over 4 inches (100 mm) of rain. These seasons also tend to
be the rainiest seasons elsewhere in the country and tend to mellow out the temperature
extremes, but these seasons are also less predictable as week to week and month
to month can shift dramatically in terms of temperature.
The animal and plant life in Argentina is very impressive as many species are native
to Argentina and many others made their ways to the country
from nearby countries and regions in pre-historic times. The diverse landscape in
the country encourages mountain, water, and plains animals to call the country home.
Among the mammals, there are numerous animals that live in both the mountains and
elsewhere. The mountain mammals include some of South America's
most iconic animals, such as the alpaca, llama, and the vicuna (a camel species).
However many more species exist both in the mountains as well as at lower elevations
including deer, cougars (puma), foxes, tapirs, monkeys, beers, armadillos, opossums,
sloths, rats, squirrels, mice, rabbits, bats, boars, anteaters, and even an occasional
jaguar. Argentina is also home to additional rodents such as the capybaras, the
coypu, and the chinchilla.
Grapes in Mendoza
The mammalian life extends to reach off the coasts as well; sea lions, whales, and
dolphins all live in the South Atlantic Ocean, but these waters are better known
for the fish and shellfish that call is waters home. Sharks, grouper, barracuda,
eels, and shrimp are all common. Argentina is also home
to many freshwater fish in their lakes and rivers including trout, salmon, pike,
catfish, and others.
Like the mammals, the bird life is quite diverse based upon the varied landscape
as the country is home to all sorts of birds. Egrets, eagles, pelicans, herons,
and condors all roam the coastal waters. Some of these birds also make their way
inland and find many other birds such as partridges, parinas, huallatas, condors,
coots, ducks, geese, sandpipers, finches, hummingbirds, wrens, owls, and even the
Andean flamingo. One of the most famous of the birds in Argentina
is the penguin, which lives in the far southern reaches of the country along the
The reptilian, amphibian, and insect life in Argentina
is also diverse, but the variety of species is fairly limited. Many of these animals
are spiders, including the tarantula and black widow, and snakes, including the
rattlesnake. In or near some of the warmer water rivers and lakes the amphibian
population spikes a bit as a number of frogs and lizards are present. The number
of insects is quite substantial, including flies, mosquitos, beetles, moths, butterflies,
ants, and more.
When it comes to native plant life, South America
is home to many famous edible plants and these plants quickly spread throughout
Argentina, South America, and beyond. The pineapple is
from the region where Brazil and Uruguay
meet while potatoes and tobacco originated in the Andes Mountains. A few others,
including cacao trees (used to make chocolate), peanuts, and tomatoes are also from
South America, although their actual origin is unknown. Peppers, both sweet and
hot peppers are from Central America or northern South America while vanilla, avocado,
papaya, and corn (maize) are likely from Central America itself. No matter each
food's origin, what is known is that these foods spread throughout the continent
and to the country of Argentina with the help of pre-historic people, animals, and
winds. These people have had these foods for nearly as long as people have inhabited
the region and each makes an important part of the people's diet and culture
now and for thousands of years into the past.
More than these well-known plants, Argentina is home to
many other trees and plants. Pine trees, eucalyptus trees, carob trees, cedar trees,
quebracho tree, and cypress trees are all common.