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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Armenia

Geography

Armenian Geography - Caucus Mountains
Caucus Mountains

Armenia is a landlocked country that is located in the Caucus Mountains, a range that sits between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Armenia is arguably in either Asia or Europe; many argue that Armenia is geographically located in Asia, but culturally European, hence creating the debate. Armenia is bordered by Turkey (west), Iran (south), Azerbaijan (the Naxcivan region in the south and the rest of Azerbaijan to the east), and Georgia (north).

Geographically, Armenia is in the mountains and filled with numerous small lakes and rivers. While much of the country is inaccessible due to these mountains, the valleys, rivers, and lakes make the region fairly livable and much cooler than neighboring countries. Adequate rainfall also provides a good growing season and more prosperity than many nearby regions.

Weather

Armenian Geography - Lake Sevan
Lake Sevan

Armenia's relative uniform geography and small size make for few meteorological variations. Armenia is most pleasant in either the spring (April-May) or the fall (autumn, September-November). Summer averages are about 75-80˚ F (25˚ C) and winters sink to an average of about 32˚ F (0˚ C), with the spring and fall ranging between those two extremes, but winter lows tend to come and leave quickly, making most of the year more temperate.

Wildlife

Armenia has a good variety of animals, partial due to the differing elevations. The boar, jackal, bear, goat, sheep, squirrel and other small mammals exist in different landscapes. Sea life isn't as common as the landlocked country only looks to rivers and lakes to find these animals.

There are a number of birds that live in Armenia, including the robin, warbler, and other woodland birds, along with the long-distanced migrating bird species. The highlands are also home to turkeys, larks, and vultures. There are also a number of snakes and other reptiles in Armenia, including scorpions.

This page was last updated: March, 2013