• Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania
    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

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    Netherlands: Wooden shoes. Go Now!

    Netherlands
    This low country might be small, but it maintains a unique place in history and culture. Explore the Netherlands!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukraine
    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

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    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia
    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

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    Germany: Town Hall. Go Now!

    Germany
    Food, beer, natural beauty, and more create a country that's known for its distinct culture and history. Go Now!

Architecture of Austria

Austrian Architecture - Romanesque St. Peterkirche in Salzburg
Romanesque St. Peterkirche

Austria's earliest examples of architecture are from the Middle Ages, but today these buildings have been primarily destroyed or updated to represent more recent architectural movements. Much of the country's most well-known cities are in the Baroque style today.

Austrian Architecture - Schloss Schonbrunn
Schloss Schonbrunn

Of the few Medieval buildings in the Romanesque style that are still standing, some can be found in the city of Salzburg. Over time the city continued to develop and adopted the Flamboyant Gothic style, and later, the Baroque style. In Salzburg, and Austria as a whole this style became fairly ornate and decorational, beginning in the late 1600s, but dominating much of the 1700s.

Salzburg's historic center has numerous buildings in the Baroque or Rococo style, including the University Church (1696). Vienna is also an incredible Baroque city, including buildings such as Belvedere Palace, Karlskirche, and Schonbrunn Palace (most, if not all of each was built in the early 1700s).

Austrian Architecture - Belvedere Palace
Belvedere Palace

The 1800s brought the Gothic Revival style, but as the country didn't prosper to the degree it did in the 1700s, there are not many examples of this. The Votive Church (mid-late 1800s) in Vienna is perhaps the best example. The early 1900s again experienced few changes as Art Nouveau came with little ceremony, although the Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station in Vienna is a good example.

In all, Vienna, Salzburg, and Graz tend to be the best cities to experience the architectural progress through the history of Austria as each has numerous buildings from the Middle Ages to the present day. For an example of village architecture, the towns of Hallstatt and St. Gilgen (both just east of Salzburg) offer incredible architecture and scenery.

This page was last updated: March, 2013