• Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Ireland!

    Ireland: Cliffs of Moher! Go Now!

    Ireland
    The Emerald Isle is world famous for its landscapes, foods, beers, and culture. Explore Ireland!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania
    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Switzerland!

    Switzerland: The Matterhorn. Go Now!

    Switzerland
    This mountainous country unites ethnic Germans, French, and Italians; making it home to a number of diverse cultures. Go Now!

  • Latvia!

    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia
    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Austria

Ethnicity

Nearly all of Austria's population is ethnically Austrian, but this is very similar genetically to what is commonly referred to as "German." There are numerous ethnic and genetic variations within the German population, both inside and outside of Germany, but among the German-speaking people of Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Luxembourg there are no genetic extremes as all are more closely related to each other than they are to other Germanic people, such as the Dutch.

Today there are a number of minority groups in Austria, particularly in Vienna. The largest of these groups are ethnic Turks and the people of what was formerly Yugoslavia (primarily Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks).

Language

German is the only official national language in Austria; however Slovenian, Croatian, and Hungarian are official languages regionally. The dialect of German spoken in Austria is understood by other native German speakers, but it is a distinct dialect similar to the dialect spoken in Bavaria (Germany).

English is the most popular second language in Austria and many people are fluent, especially in the cities as well as in some businesses, where the language is important due to international interactions.

Religion

Most Austrians are Catholic, although there is a growing group of atheists in addition to a Protestant minority.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014