• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Finland!

    Finland: Finnish Sauna. Go Now!

    Unlike its neighbors, the Finns are unique ethnically & linguistically, but are wholly European in many other ways. Begin Your Journey!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Austria


Nearly all of Austria's population is ethnically Austrian, but this is very similar genetically to what is commonly referred to as "German." There are numerous ethnic and genetic variations within the German population, both inside and outside of Germany, but among the German-speaking people of Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Luxembourg there are no genetic extremes as all are more closely related to each other than they are to other Germanic people, such as the Dutch.

Today there are a number of minority groups in Austria, particularly in Vienna. The largest of these groups are ethnic Turks and the people of what was formerly Yugoslavia (primarily Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks).


German is the only official national language in Austria; however Slovenian, Croatian, and Hungarian are official languages regionally. The dialect of German spoken in Austria is understood by other native German speakers, but it is a distinct dialect similar to the dialect spoken in Bavaria (Germany).

English is the most popular second language in Austria and many people are fluent, especially in the cities as well as in some businesses, where the language is important due to international interactions.


Most Austrians are Catholic, although there is a growing group of atheists in addition to a Protestant minority.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014