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is literally translated to mean "two seas" from the Arabic. However, this
term originally may have referred to differing islands and when the name was exclusively
given to modern day Bahrain is unknown. The two seas the name refers to are unknown;
most people believe they are the waters east and west of the island, those north
and south of the island, or are the salt waters in the sea and the fresh waters
of the land.
As a desert island, or islands, Bahrain has little appeal at first. There is little
reason for people to live on these islands and for much of history it appears no
one did live on these almost unlivable islands.
Life on Bahrain exists solely because of the sea and technology. The earliest inhabitants
lived there by surviving off of seafood, dates, and camel's milk. As these are
limited in quantity, the number of people on the islands was also very limited.
This lifestyle survived for most of history and only recently has the population
Life in Bahrain today is heavily reliant on technology such as desalination plants,
which provide the people with water and plants. Improved infrastructure, airplanes,
and ships also provide food through efficient transportation and storage methods.
Oddly, in recent years the people have been able to not only survive on these desert
islands, but have thrived and convinced others to immigrate to the islands as temporary
workers. This is only possible with another important item: oil. Since the discovery
of oil in the 1930s the country has been able to afford to ship in food and water
as construction has expanded to house the people and shops. The economy has grown
significantly during this past century and in order to have workers to work these
jobs immigrants have arrived since the local population was historically very small
and this has not changed enough in the past century to fill all positions needed
to run the oil industry.
Today there is a large divide in the way of life in Bahrain. There are numerous
foreigners from seemingly everywhere and these people tend to live as they lived
in their home countries. The locals also continue to live as they have, but now
they have gained more money through the oil industry and the government has improved
numerous public sectors, such as education and healthcare with this new found wealth.
This current and historic way of life for the locals is based on family and religion
as these tend to be the most important aspects of their culture.
The locals in Bahrain also tend to have good job security as the government encourages
education and stresses occupations that oversee the oil industry. They also tend
to limit foreign immigrant numbers in order to guarantee locals all have jobs, giving
the people a number of entitlements for simply being a citizen. Despite the changes
in wealth and technology, for many of these citizens life and culture remain reliant
on family and their Islamic faith, which dictates much of the culture's dress,
behavior, and foods.
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