• Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

  • United Kingdom!

    United Kingdom: Oxford's Christ Church. Go Now!

    United Kingdom
    This country includes England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland with four distinct cultures to match. Explore the United Kingdom!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

  • Latvia!

    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

  • Germany!

    Germany: Town Hall. Go Now!

    Food, beer, natural beauty, and more create a country that's known for its distinct culture and history. Go Now!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Belgium


About two thirds of the people living in Belgium are Flemish, but the Walloons make up a significant minority group (nearly a third of the population). The Flemish people are identical, ethnically and linguistically, to the Dutch in the Netherlands, but identify quite differently due to cultural and political differences. The Walloons are a people a little more difficult to define; they are French-speaking and nearly identical to the French genetically, but claim a distinct ethnicity. These people have lived in this region of Belgium for a long time and identify as Walloons, a definition primarily based on cultural and historic differences, not genetic differences, although they do exist.


Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French, and German. The Flemish generally speak Dutch, which is sometimes referred to as Flemish, the Walloons speak French and a very small minority in the east speaks German. Dutch and German are similar in that they are both Germanic languages, but Dutch has many similarities to English. French is a Romance language and is more closely related to other Latin-based languages, such as Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Romanian.

Most people in Belgium grow up learning all three official languages as well as English. It is not uncommon for the people to be fluent in all four languages.


Most of the people in Belgium are Catholic; nearly all the Walloons are Catholic and most of the Flemish are also Catholic, although a minority group of Flemish adheres to Christian Protestant religions.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014