For the Bosniaks, who are Muslims, the dress has characteristics of Turkey, but
is more European in style. For the Bosniaks, dresses on women with shirts with pants
was the norm, however embroidery was often times absent, which is a change from
the Serbs and Croats. Bosniak women also never wore aprons, which was a common piece
of clothing with the Serbs and Croats. For the Serbs, most outfits included embroidery
in red, with many women wearing loose-fitting long-sleeved shirts, a long apron,
embroidered socks, and a belt. Men generally wore similar shirts with knickers.
Both men and women often wore a jelek, which is similar to a vest. For
the Croat women the dress generally consisted of a white blouse, skirt or tunic,
an apron, which was usually quite colorful, sometimes a vest, and a hat or cloth
for their hair. For men the dress was generally similar as most men wore dark pants,
a colorful belt, a white shirt, and a decorated vest, which was again usually on
a dark base to match the pants. Red is a very common color among the Croatians,
but this is somewhat regional.
Today, the people of Bosnia & Herzegovina, no matter their ethnicity, tend to
wear modern western-styled clothing. The designs and styles of these clothes have
little variation from ethnicity to ethnicity, although some more conservative Muslim
Bosniaks will always cover their legs, arms, and hair (although this is a rarity
in the country).
As a visitor to Bosnia & Herzegovina you are welcome to wear just about any
clothing. Just try to dress for the occasion, which means long pants and shirts
in mosques, churches, and other more formal locations. Wearing obviously foreign
clothing in Bosnia & Herzegovina is not a bad thing either; there are some ethnic
tensions in the country and in some places being foreign is better than being a
member of a different local ethnicity.