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    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania
    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

  • United Kingdom!

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    United Kingdom
    This country includes England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland with four distinct cultures to match. Explore the United Kingdom!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukraine
    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

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    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia
    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

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    Germany: Town Hall. Go Now!

    Germany
    Food, beer, natural beauty, and more create a country that's known for its distinct culture and history. Go Now!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Croatia

Ethnicity

Nearly everyone living in Croatia claims to be an ethnic Croat or Croatian. In much smaller numbers, there are also Serbs, Bosniaks, and to a lesser extent Slovenes, Hungarians, and Italians. From a genetic standpoint, the Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks are nearly identical, however each group claims they are different ethnic groups; an argument primarily based on religious, cultural, and political differences rather than on genetics. The Croats, as well as the Serbs and Bosniaks, are a southern Slavic group and their closest ethnic relatives are the other Southern Slavic groups, including each other, the Slovenes, and the Bulgarians among smaller groups.

Language

Croatian is the official language in Croatia and, like the ethnic divides, nearly all of the minority Serbs and Bosniaks speak "Serbian" or "Bosnian" both of which are languages that are arguably identical to Croatian (commonly called Serbo-Croatian in English). The Croats write their language in the Latin script, while the Serbs prefer using the Cyrillic script. This language, which is known by many names, is a south Slavic language and is also related to Slovene and Bulgarian among others.

Many Croatians are bilingual as English is becoming a popular language to study in schools and many young people now speak English with at least a basic understanding. As this is a relatively recent change, few older people speak English with any fluency.

Religion

Generally, the defining difference between the Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks is their religious affiliation. The Croats are Catholic, the Serbs Orthodox, and the Bosniaks Muslim. As the overwhelming majority of Croatia's population is Croat, most of the country is Catholic.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

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This page was last updated: May, 2014