Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Croatia
Nearly everyone living in Croatia claims to be an ethnic
Croat or Croatian. In much smaller numbers, there are also Serbs,
Bosniaks, and to a lesser extent
Slovenes, Hungarians, and Italians.
From a genetic standpoint, the Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks are nearly identical,
however each group claims they are different ethnic groups; an argument primarily
based on religious, cultural, and political differences rather than on genetics.
The Croats, as well as the Serbs and Bosniaks, are a southern Slavic group and their
closest ethnic relatives are the other Southern Slavic groups, including each other,
the Slovenes, and the Bulgarians among smaller groups.
Croatian is the official language in Croatia and, like the
ethnic divides, nearly all of the minority Serbs and Bosniaks
speak "Serbian" or "Bosnian" both of which are languages that
are arguably identical to Croatian (commonly called Serbo-Croatian in English).
The Croats write their language in the Latin script, while the Serbs prefer using
the Cyrillic script. This language, which is known by many names, is a south Slavic
language and is also related to Slovene and Bulgarian among others.