Gothic Cesky Krumlov
By the late 1400s the Renaissance was introduced in the region and again Prague
became the recipient of most of the new style. However, the country wasn't as
prosperous at this time and most Renaissance art was limited to palace buildings
for the kings, such as Litomysl Castle (late 1500s) as little made its way into
the city or country itself. Likewise, Baroque was introduced, but again limited
in scope. The district of Mala Strana (Lesser Quarter) in Prague is predominantly
in the Baroque style as are many facades in the town of Cesky Krumlov. The castles
of Lednice and Valtice are also built partially in this style, although they also
take influences from the neo-Gothic and neo-Classical movements, which were taking
place at the time (early 1700s-1800s).
As the cities were receiving stone architecture in the various styles mentioned
above, the people in general, and specifically in the villages continued to live
in wooden structures. The village of Holasovice is an excellent example of this
style, as much of the town was built in the 1700 and 1800s and is a sub-category
of the traditional Baroque.
Prague's Old Town
In the late 1800s and early 1900s the Industrial Revolution brought new building
techniques to the Czech Republic and new freedoms
to architecture. In the 1920s the Tugendhat Villa in Brno was built and is still
considered a great example of architecture from this time period in
Europe. However, this architectural freedom was short lived as the country
fell under communist rule for much of the 1900s. Under communist leadership, the
Czech Republic received its share of Soviet-styled buildings, however not to the
extent many other countries in the region did. Most of these building were constructed
to be used as housing in the cities and as factories and many remain on the outskirts
of nearly every large city today.
Through all these movements, Prague has remained the capital of the region, no matter
what name the country went by at the time. This influence, power, and wealth has
made the city the best example of Czech architecture
and one of the greatest architectural cities in Europe as
it truly has examples from every architectural style.