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Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Dominica


Nearly all of the people on the island of Dominica are of African descent, many of whose ancestors were brought to the Caribbean during the slave trade. Due to this past, the people are of numerous ethnic groups from Africa and the ethnicity of one person can be substantially different from the next, although it seems most slaves arrived from West Africa. Among the minority groups, most are a combination of American Indians and African. There is also a important, but small group of Caribs, an American Indian group for which the Caribbean is named.


English is the only official language in Dominica, although French patois is commonly spoken in the home. French patois is a mix of numerous languages, particularly French and English, but also contains aspects of numerous other languages including many African languages brought to the Caribbean during the slave trade. Although French patois is a common native language, many people are also native English speakers and those who are not generally learn English in schools so English is the primary language of communication across linguistic groups.


Just over 60% of the people adhere to Roman Catholicism in Dominica. Another 20% are Protestant in various forms. The rest of the people follow various religions, including other forms of Christianity, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Rastafarians.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014