• Colombia!

    Colombia: Caribbean Sea coast. Go Now!

    Although most of the people live inland, Colombia also has its share of coastline along the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea (pictured). Go Now!

  • Ecuador!

    Ecuador: Sally Lightfoot Crab. Go Now!

    The Galapagos Islands and Ecuador are home to incredible wildlife, such as the famous Galapagos Turtle and the lesser known, but more common Red Rock or Sally Lightfoot crab (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

  • Chile!

    Chile: Torres del Paine National Park. Go Now!

    The Andes dominate much of Chile, including the breath-taking Torres del Paine National Park (pictured). However, the country also hosts the world's driest desert and a thriving metropolis. Begin Your Journey!

  • Venezuela!

    Venezuela: Los Roques. Go Now!

    Rooted in Europe, Venezuela boasts an impressive history, culture, and beauty, including the Caribbean Coast (pictured). Explore Venezuela!

  • Bolivia!

    Bolivia: Salt flats. Go Now!

    This hidden gem is full of surprises, from the impressive salt flats (pictured) to the migrating flamingos. It also clings to the most historic indigenous culture on the continent. Explore Bolivia!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Ecuador


Almost three quarters of Ecuador's population is mestizo, or a combination of European and indigenous descent. The rest of the people are of various ethnic groups, including wholly European, wholly Amerindian, partly African, and Montubio (a group of people of various ethnicities who identify as a single group).

One of the larger indigenous groups in Ecuador is the Shuar, who live in the Amazon basin. Another significant group are often referred to as Quechua, although this is more accurately a linguistic group; most of the Quechua in Ecuador prefer to be called Kichwas.


Spanish is the only official language in Ecuador, but there are a couple widely spoken indigenous languages, including both Quechua and Shuar. Spanish is a Romance language also spoken in Spain; it is closely related to other Romance languages, including Portuguese, Italian, French, Romanian, others. The dialect of Spanish in Ecuador is quite distinct in comparison to that of Spain and there are also many minor differences in the language across Latin America.

Quechuan is a language family of South America, primarily found in the Andes Mountains. There are numerous languages that are included in this language family, but all are similar and over 2 million people speak some form of this language in Ecuador today. Shuar, which goes by many names, is only found in the Amazon basin and the number of speakers of this language is quite limited, but in some areas is the primary means of communication.


Nearly everyone in Ecuador is nominally Roman Catholic, but only a percentage of those people are regularly practicing. This huge percentage of Catholics in the country is a result of Spanish colonization as Spain is primarily Catholic.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions and was the most dominant religious force in the Christian world for years. Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity.

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014