• Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania
    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

  • Netherlands!

    Netherlands: Wooden shoes. Go Now!

    Netherlands
    This low country might be small, but it maintains a unique place in history and culture. Explore the Netherlands!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukraine
    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

  • Latvia!

    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia
    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

  • Germany!

    Germany: Town Hall. Go Now!

    Germany
    Food, beer, natural beauty, and more create a country that's known for its distinct culture and history. Go Now!

Architecture of Estonia

Most traditional Estonian architecture is wooden so there is little that remains today outside the larger cities, most notably Tallinn, although there are numerous country houses and manors that have survived in various locations.

Estonian Architecture - Tallinn
Tallinn

Tallinn contains most of the country's architectural gems as it first rose to prominence in the 1200s and shortly after became a leader in the Baltic Sea trade as a member of the Hanseatic League, leading to a building boom. For the most part, Tallinn is a Gothic styled city. St. Olaf's Church (1200s) is a great example of Estonia's Gothic architecture and was the tallest building in the world in the 1500 and 1600s (after adding a taller steeple and spire to the original building). Even today, much of Tallinn's old town remains in the Gothic style, although numerous additions and variations have been amended since.

Estonia is also dotted with numerous castles and manors, most of which were either Danish or Teutonic (German) in origin and style. Among the best preserved are the Toompea Castle (primarily constructed in the 1200s) and the Hermann Castle (much of what is seen today is from the 1300s and later).

The country also has a great amount of modern architecture. Both Tallinn and Tartu have adopted many of these modern styles, while making them their own, giving these cities many unique buildings.

This page was last updated: February, 2012