• Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

  • Netherlands!

    Netherlands: Wooden shoes. Go Now!

    This low country might be small, but it maintains a unique place in history and culture. Explore the Netherlands!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

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    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

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    Germany: Town Hall. Go Now!

    Food, beer, natural beauty, and more create a country that's known for its distinct culture and history. Go Now!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Finland


Finnish Geography - Lapland

Finland is a fairly long country stretching north almost to the Arctic Ocean and south to the Baltic Sea. Finland borders Norway (northwest), Sweden (west), and Russia (east); Finland is also a short distance from Estonia, which sits across the Gulf of Finland to the south.

Geographically, Finland is almost entirely marshland or rocky lowlands. Except for the far north and far south, the country is low-lying and has a huge number of lakes, which tend to freeze over in winter and always have the possibility to flood in spring and summer. The far north is at greater elevation, but climatic conditions tend to prevent life there. The far south, along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland is very rocky and has good drainage, making this the most ideal place to live, although population numbers are still very small compared to the rest of Europe.


Finland has two primary seasons, winter and summer. Winter and the surrounding months can be cold; even Helsinki, which is warm on Finland's standards, averages about 18˚ F (-7˚ C) in the winter.

Summers are short, but have long days; the lakes in southern Finland are still cool, but temperatures in the south during this time average about 65-68˚ F (18-20˚ C), with days getting a few degrees warmer on average.


Finnish Wildlife - Reindeer

Finland boasts a number of hardy animals that can withstand their harsh winters. This list includes various large mammals like the bear, elk, wolf, and reindeer. The country is also spotted with lakes and rivers, making sea life abundant; salmon, trout, pike, and herring are all very common in various regions.

There are a huge number of migrating water fowl in Finland, including the tern and duck, along with other birds.

This page was last updated: March, 2013