Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Haiti
WARNING: Safety is a concern in Haiti, please
read this travel warning before going!
Nearly all of Haiti considers itself of African
descent, many of whose ancestors were brought to the region by the slave trade.
These slaves came from all parts of Africa, but it seems most arrived from what
is today known as the Congo, Benin, and Nigeria. Many of these people are a combination
of ethnicities though, including ethnic Africans with scant traces of ethnic
Europeans and American Indians.
Both French and creole are official languages in Haiti, although
most people tend to speak creole as their native language. This language is similar
to French, but has numerous foreign introductions, most notably from English. The
people generally speak creole amongst themselves, but use the more formalized French
in official settings, such as business and schools.