Destinations » North America
» Central America »
is a Spanish word that literally translates to "depths." However, there
is some doubt that this is the origin of the country name as some people contend
the origin comes from the Leonese (a Spanish dialect) word fondura, which
means "anchorage" and was originally given to the area around Trujillo.
The entire region of Honduras was not called so until the late 1500s.
WARNING: Violence is rampant
in Honduras, please read this travel
warning before going!
Honduras is full of rivers, which make life in the region
quite livable. The land is also quite fertile due to the rains and these rivers
and most of the people live along the rivers on in the northwest where the land
is flatter and more easily accessible.
When the Spanish arrived to the region, the indigenous
people, primarily descendants of the Mayans lived in these regions, were defeated
by European diseases and wars. Most of the surviving locals
intermarried the Spanish and today almost the entire country is "mestizo."
The flag of Honduras is based off
the former flag of Central America; the two blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean
and Caribbean Sea, while the white stripe is for the land in the middle, as well
as the peace and prosperity of the people. In the middle there are five stars, each
representing one of the former members of the Federal Republic of Central America:
Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
Name: Republic of Honduras
Independence: September 15, 1821
Population: 8,448,465 (2013 estimate)
Ethnicity: Mestizo & others
Religion: Roman Catholic
Spanish dominance came over both the people and the culture
as most signs of the indigenous cultures have been destroyed, although some of these
people still speak their native indigenous languages in the home. In nearly all
other ways the Spanish dominated; for example, early everyone in
Honduras today speaks Spanish and is Catholic.
The Spanish also tried to bring in slaves from
Africa for a brief period of time, but just as this began the economy declined
and this practice ended. Honduras got back on its feet
when the banana industry grew and this led to another massive shift in the culture
and way of life for the people.
The banana industry changed the culture in Honduras
forever. This put most of the people in the fields planting and picking this food
as foreign countries, primarily the United States, pushed
in millions of dollars to build up the country's infrastructure to transport
the bananas. Communication and transportation vastly improved, but so too did foreign
dominance. Today, the people are regaining control over their country, but agriculture
still dominates the economy and daily way of life.
Learn More About Honduras:
Map of Honduras:
Start your trip to Honduras with our free Travel Planner: