• Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    Bulgaria
    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Denmark!

    Denmark: Landscape. Go Now!

    Denmark
    From cities like Copenhagen to islands, beaches, and vast fields (pictured), Denmark offers incredible history, architecture, scenery, and more. Begin Your Journey!

  • Czech Republic!

    Czech Republic: Astronomical Clock in Prague. Go Now!

    Czech Republic
    The Astronomical Clock in Prague (pictured) makes every tourist list, but the towns, including Cesky Krumlov, and the mountains offer a change of pace. Go Now!

  • Belarus!

    Belarus: Birch tree forest. Go Now!

    Belarus
    Tucked away and often forgotten in Eastern Europe, Belarus is home to low lands and Birch Forests (pictured) as well as hidden castles and a culture unlike any other. Begin Your Journey!

  • Spain!

    Spain: Guell Park and Gaudi architecture. Go Now!

    Spain
    Fusion foods, lively music, historic ruins, and cultural events like the Running of the Bulls and La Tomatina make Spain and Barcelona (pictured) a favorite tourist destination. Explore Spain!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Iceland

Ethnicity

Most people in Iceland are ethnic Icelanders, which is essentially a combination of Norse and Celtic. This group is most closely related to other Nordic people, most closely related to the Norwegians. Like the Norwegians and other Nordic people, the Icelanders also have significant similarities to the people of the British Isles, particularly the Irish and Scots.

Language

There is no official language in Iceland, although Icelandic is the most commonly spoken language among locals, while English is perhaps the most commonly learned second language. Other Scandinavian languages and German are also popular to varying degrees. Icelandic is most closely related to Norwegian then more distantly to the other Scandinavian languages, including Danish and Swedish. Nearly everyone speaks at least a minimal amount of English as well, although few are native speakers.

Religion

The Lutheran Church of Iceland is the official church of Iceland, although the country allows freedom to practice any religion. While most of the people are members of this church, other religions (primarily Christian religions) are also practiced in smaller numbers.

Lutheranism is a protestant religion that was founded by and named after Martin Luther, who led the Protestant Reformation. Like all Christian and protestant faiths, Lutherans believe there is one God and that His son, Jesus is the savior and forgiver of sins. Lutherans also believe that the Bible, which includes the Old and New Testaments, is the only true word of God. It is generally in the interpretation of the Bible that protestant religions vary and this is true in the case of Lutheranism, which tends to interpret the Bible quite differently from Catholicism, which was the religion Lutheranism separated from.

This page was last updated: May, 2014