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is named after the Indus River, a word that comes from the Persian word Hindus.
However, the official name of India is Bharat, which is a geographic term that is
named after Bharata, the legendary emperor of ancient India according to Hindu tradition.
WARNING: Terrorist threats continue
in India, please read this travel warning
India is a huge country with incredibly diverse landscapes, people, foods, and cultures.
Their culture begins with one of the world's most varied geographies as the
lands shift from hot and humid coastal climates to frigid and dry mountains, plus
nearly everything in between. This helped create the culture of the many people
today as India has over 20 official languages; each of which tends to represent
a different ethnicity, culture, and people.
While India is incredibly diverse, many of the people of India share a very similar
culture that is based on their religions, history, foods, and languages. The people
have numerous religions, including Hinduism as well as others, such as Jainism,
Sikhism, and Buddhism, but all preach openness and acceptance of differences, making
the people united no matter their religious beliefs. Likewise, despite the various
foods and languages, many are closely related so they unite the people as opposed
to dividing them.
India's flag is saffron (the dulled
orange), which is for courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation, white
for purity and truth, and green for faith and fertility. In the center is a blue
chakra, which symbolizes the movement of life and death's stagnation.
Name: Republic of India
Independence: August 15, 1947
Capital: New Delhi
Currency: Indian Rupee
Population: 1,220,800,359 (2013 estimate)
Ethnicity: Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, & others
Language: Hindi & others
Religion: Hindu, Muslim, & others
Of the many similarities, one of incredible significance to the culture is the belief
in re-incarnation, which has led to a number of cultural changes. Perhaps the most
noticeable of these lifestyle changes is that many Indians are vegetarian in order
to avoid eating animals, which they view as life no different from their own. The
Hindus believe the hierarchy of differing animals is based upon where each falls
in the ladder of re-incarnation, while the Jains avoid eating any animal since all
are sacred. Due to the Hindu hierarchy, the culture developed along the lines of
a caste system, which truly divided the people by class. Today the caste system
has been mostly eliminated in cities, but it still exists in villages and its existence
for such a long period of time has led to a number of significant aspects of modern
Due to this past, India remains fairly divided by class as many people feel those
born into money deserve it and those who weren't were born money, were placed
in these positions for a reason. Even though the caste system is nearly unheard
of in the cities, there is still little social mobility due to this past as many
people fail to seize opportunities due to the belief that they are not deserving.
Other aspects of their faith and past have arisen in other forms as arranged marriage
is somewhat common among certain socio-economic groups as many parents want their
children to marry another from the same income and social ranking as themselves.
Despite the great influence from Hinduism and other religions that are common in
India, Islam has made just as great an impact to much of the population. A large
part of the population is Muslim and this religion dictates a great number of life
decisions, including not drinking alcohol and refraining from the consumption of
pork products. Islam expands to include other social rules as dress, behavior, and
social interactions are also shaped by this faith.
Religions, including all those mentioned above, are the greatest influence on India's
culture today. However, the world is shrinking in a number of ways as cell phones
are common, transportation is easier as people are getting cars, and foreign foods
and other cultural phenomenons are now a part of daily life in India. There is an
aging population who clings to historic traditions and mentalities, while a younger
generation is relying more heavily on technology, turning to international fashions,
urbanizing, and getting better educated as they turn to information technology (IT)
jobs in the major cities. Culturally, India is diverse and so many elements factor
into this diversity, beginning with religion and their history, but also reliant
on modern technology, urbanization, and ever-changing priorities.
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