• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Finland!

    Finland: Finnish Sauna. Go Now!

    Unlike its neighbors, the Finns are unique ethnically & linguistically, but are wholly European in many other ways. Begin Your Journey!

Culture & Identity of Ireland


The daily way of life in Ireland is somewhat varied, particularly due to differences between the people living in cities and those living in the urban areas. About 60% of the people live in the cities and where an individual lives somewhat alters the culture.

In cities the way of life is strongly dictated by the pulse of the city as most places are close to each other, public transportation is available, and jobs are generally accessible. In the country things tend to take more time, but life seems to also move a bit more slowly so there is little rush.

Most people, no matter their location, begin work at about 9:00 am, but farmers tend to begin and end with the sun during the summer months. After making their way to work, and the children get to school, which begins at about 9:00 am, the day is filled with work or school for most people. The school day tends to end at about 2:00 or 3:00 pm and work generally ends at about 5:00 pm, at which time traffic increases as most people head home for the evening.

Evenings are often times spent at home after the long workday and children often times have school work or an after school activity. Weekends tend to be when people get out, out on the town, out to a museum, out to the country, or anywhere else. How the Irish spend their free time is quite individual, but the people are generally quite social and most working people make enough money to enjoy their time off.


Most people in Ireland will identify as being Irish and are quite proud of this, however the way people identify and the definition of what it means to be Irish are slowly changing. In one way, being Irish simply means a person is ethnically Irish, but to many people, an integral aspect of being "Irish" is being Catholic so many Protestants are no longer included in this identity or are not identifying as Irish, even though they might be ethnically Irish. Many of these Irish Protestants struggle to find a single identity. Ethnic Irish in Northern Ireland may consider themselves "British," and the Protestant Irish in the Republic of Ireland may identify in numerous ways. To each individual, how Irish is defined varies; on one extreme a person must be ethnically Irish, be Catholic, and live in Ireland and on the other extreme a person only needs to be ethnically Irish, as religious affiliation and nationality are less important.

This page was last updated: November, 2013