After the Romanesque architecture, the European styles continued
to make an impact on Israel as the Gothic style arrived,
but with less fanfare or popularity. This is primarily due to the Muslim victories
in the Crusades and their securing the city, leading to more and more Muslim architecture
and less Christian or Jewish architecture.
During these years, from about 1200 and later, Islamic architecture incorporated
new aspects, including the heavy use of stucco, which originated in
Persia, and the increasing amount of tiles and mosaics, which were common
in various regions, most notably in Central Asia.
This Islamic dominance continued until the 1800s when the country, most particularly,
the city of Jerusalem, became a destination for immigrants once more. This led to
an influx of numerous foreign styles. Many Jews from southern Europe brought in
Mediterranean architecture as numerous Jewish homes have red roof tiles today. The
Russian and German Jews brought styles
from their homes. Even the Arabs brought in new styles during this time, from both
Europe and other parts of the Islamic world.
In the 1900s the city of Tel Aviv was founded and designed primarily by the
Russian (and other Eastern European) Jews. This led it to have aspects of
Russian and Polish architecture, while at the same time being
almost entirely modern due to its short existence.
Also in the 1900s and into the 2000s, Israel has received
modern buildings, which are much easier to build due to the materials and machines
created by the Industrial Revolution, including concrete, steel, and cranes. There
are numerous modern buildings in the country, most particularly in the city of Tel
Aviv. Tel Aviv has the best examples of numerous modern styles, including Art Deco,
which is best represented in the Mugrabi Cinema.
Modern day Jerusalem hwoever looks and feels much older. Building laws and a desire
to maintain the traditional look and feel of this historic city have created modern
building in a historic style. Nearly every building in or near Jerusalem's Old
Town are built in white sandstone with little other color other than perhaps some
black trim. Although this lack of color may seem dull, it creates a feeling of history,
even in buildings that have modern interiors.