Judaism is one of, if not the first monotheistic religion. The Jews worship one
God, who they believe is the creator of all things, including the world and all
life on earth. This relationship with God is the foundation of the religion as the
people believe they must follow God's laws, as dictated in the Torah, although
what books specifically constitute the Torah is debatable. Jews also believe that
it is their responsibility to treat all of God's creation with respect.
Judaism includes a large number of rules and obligations, many of which are found
in various books of the Torah. This helps define how a person should live, how they
should worship, and even how they should eat as Judaism has a large number of dietary
Islam (the name of the religion, whose followers are called Muslims) is a monotheistic
religion, whose holy book is called the Qur'an. The Qur'an is believed to
be the word of God spoken through the prophet Muhammad from 609-632 CE (Common Era
is preferred over AD (Anno Domini or "year of the Lord") since the Islamic
world doesn't believe Jesus was the messiah). Islam believes Muhammad was the
last prophet sent to earth by God, the last in a long line of prophets, which includes
Moses, Abraham, and Jesus among others.