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name has roots to the Roman times. The Roman settlement of Lucilinburhuc was occupied
by the Count of Ardennes, Siegfried I in 963. He built a castle on the old settlement,
which eventually lent its name to the entire city and later the country. The name
of the settlement is derived from the word Letze, which means "fort."
Lëtzebuerg / Luxembourg / Luxemburg
Luxembourg today may just seem like a tiny country filled with impressive castles
and scenery, but culturally, the country boasts incredible depth with multiple foreign
influences. The lands of Luxembourg fall between Germany, France, and the Low Countries.
Not being too difficult to access, people from all three of these regions settled
the lands and introduced their influences.
For much of history the lands were filled with farmers and other people who lived
off the land as political power held little control over the region. The people
that settled the lands came from various regions as each maintained a different
culture, but nearly everyone shared a similar lifestyle. The people remained tied
to their cultures as the ethnic French, Germans, and Dutch all clung to their historic
languages, religions, clothing, foods, etc.
As the region grew in importance so too did the dynamic on the lands as the region
became somewhat of a border as castles sprung up. The region also shifted hands
over time, falling under the rule of the Holy Roman Emperors for some time, making
the people subject to the Austrians, Spanish, and others at various points in history.
These outside rulers didn't change the culture so much as they united the people
of the region, no matter their ethnicity, as they fought foreign power.
No matter the ruler, the people slowly started to create a new culture and ethnicity
as the Luxembourgers are related to the Germans, French, and others to a lesser
degree. They also formed their own language, which, like their ethnicity, is primarily
German, but has significant influences from French and other languages as well.
Foods, clothing, and other parts of the culture were also merged into one. Despite
the many changes, some ethnic French and Germans in the region maintained their
historic cultures, languages, and foods and remain more closely tied to the French
and Germans abroad than they are linked to the Luxembourgers.
In recent years the culture in Luxembourg continues to be tied to its past, but
the social, political, and economic dynamics have greatly changed and this has strongly
affected the way of life in Luxembourg. As business changes, the country is becoming
more urbanized and modern, while the European Union has a number of organizations
based in Luxembourg, making this small country a political center and destination
for employees throughout Europe.
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