• Bangladesh!

    Bangladesh: Traditional houses. Go Now!

    This low-lying country has historic ties to India and Pakistan, but today maintains a wholly unique culture. Explore Bangladesh!

  • Indonesia!

    Indonesia: Lombok. Go Now!

    This archipelago nation is culturally diverse from big cities to isolated islands. Begin Your Journey!

  • Jordan!

    Jordan: Petra. Go Now!

    Tucked away in this Middle Eastern country, the famed city of Petra (pictured) links the past to the present culture. Explore Jordan!

  • Mongolia!

    Mongolia: Desert. Go Now!

    This vast country has a culture that spans past and present... a nomadic life shifting to a modern & sedentary society. Begin Your Journey!

  • Kyrgyzstan!

    Kyrgyzstan: Tian Shan Mountains. Go Now!

    The mountains, including the Tian Shan Mountains (pictured), give Kyrgyzstan a unique culture, partially formed from this isolation from the mountains. Go Now!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Mongolia


Mongolian Geography - Road

Mongolia is a large landlocked country in either Central Asia or the Far East. This large country only has two land borders though, Russia to the north and China to the south.

In Mongolia's northwest are the Altai Mountains, whose valleys and plains offer incredible landscapes, pasture land, and a number of rivers and lakes. Much of the rest of the country is desert and the country's far southeastern border is almost entirely consumed by the Gobi Desert.


Mongolian Geography - Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert

Summers in Mongolia can be very rainy in the north, but temperatures peak during this time. Ulaanbaatar boasts daily highs of about 72°F (22-23°C) during the summer, but night temperatures still drop to only about 50°F (10°C). This season allows easy travel options as the roads are cleared of snow and transportation options tend to fall as there are little obstacles to travel. Winters are the opposite extreme with highs of only 5-15°F (-10 to -15°C), but still fairly sunny most days; unfortunately, this season makes transportation nearly impossible with snow closing many roads and a trip to a nomadic village off the travel itinerary. Falls (autumn) can be cold and receive snow, while springs seem pre-occupied with nomads busy tending to their animals as many roads are not cleared of snow, the plains are windy, and temperatures are still cold.


Mongolia's weather and landscape dictate the animals that can survive and thrive so the variety is somewhat limited, but still fairly diverse. Among the mammals, the marmot, fox, rabbit, wolves, and squirrel are among the most common. There are dozens more though, including less common lynx, bears, antelope, leopards, and gazelles. The sea life is limited due to the lack of water borders, but also due to the Gobi Desert. There are still numerous small fresh water fish and shellfish in the rivers, streams, and lakes though, including trout, salmon, sturgeon, carp, and pike.

Where Mongolia flourishes is in its bird life. Although some birds call the country home, many more migrate through each year. These birds include eagles, vultures, flacons, cranes, larks, swans, geese, pelicans, and gulls. Among the reptiles, are mostly lizards and there are a few amphibian species that exist as well, although in smaller numbers, like frogs. There a thousands of insect species though.

This page was last updated: March, 2013