• Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Albania!

    Albania: Village of Theth! Go Now!

    Albania is unique in Europe, starting with its Muslim heritage, but expanding to include food, culture, and even its natural beauty. Explore Albania!

  • United Kingdom!

    United Kingdom: Oxford's Christ Church. Go Now!

    United Kingdom
    This country includes England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland with four distinct cultures to match. Explore the United Kingdom!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

  • Latvia!

    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

  • Germany!

    Germany: Town Hall. Go Now!

    Food, beer, natural beauty, and more create a country that's known for its distinct culture and history. Go Now!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Poland


Poland is extraordinarily homogenous as nearly every citizen is ethnically Polish. Some ethnic minorities still remain in the country, primarily Jews, Ukrainians, Lithuanians, and Belarusians, although most of these minority groups left during or at the conclusion of World War II due to the Holocaust then the shifting of the country's borders. The Poles are a Slavic group most closely related to the Czechs and Slovaks as all three are Western Slavic.


Linguistically, the people of Poland speak Polish, which is a member of the western Slavic language group. Polish is more similar to the other western Slavic languages, including Czech and Slovak.

Nearly everyone in Poland is a native Polish speaker, but English is a popular second language and many young people today speak English at a conversational level if not complete fluency. Germany is also a popular second language, but not to the extent English is.


Much like the ethnic and linguistic homogeneity, Poland is also very religiously homogenous as nearly every citizen is Catholic, many of whom are regularly practicing Catholics. The largest minority religion is Orthodox, which is practiced by most ethnic Belarusians, Ukrainians, and a small ethnic Polish minority.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

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This page was last updated: May, 2014