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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Serbia

Geography

Serbian Geography - Mountains
Mountains

Serbia is a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula. Serbia borders Croatia (west), Bosnia & Herzegovina (west), Montenegro (southwest), Kosovo (south), Macedonia (south), Bulgaria (east), Romania (east), and Hungary (north).

Geographically, Serbia can be divided into two primary regions. The northern half of the country is very low-lying as a large number of rivers flow through the region. This land is fertile and attracts settlers, but is also an easy transportation route for outsiders. This is also where most of the country's population lives. In the country's south the mountains rise up, sometimes quite rapidly and in other areas very slowly. The further southwest one travels in the country, the more inaccessible these mountains become.

Weather

Serbian Geography - River in the forest
River in the forest

Serbia's seasons are very distinct. Winters (December-February) can be relatively cold as the western mountains can receive a significant amount of snow. Lower land, such as Belgrade, is much warmer and during this time averages about 40˚ F (4˚ C).

The spring and fall (autumn) are clearly warmer than winters, but the mountains can still be impassable due to snow.

Summer temperature averages are 72-82˚ F (22-28˚ C) in Belgrade, but again, cooler at elevation in the mountains.

Wildlife

There are a number of large mammals that live in Serbia, including the bear, deer, and the boar. Additionally, there are dozens of small mammals like the rabbit and fox. Fish and other sea life are not too common since Serbia is a landlocked country, but they have a number of species in their lakes and rivers.

There is a large number of birds in Serbia, including pheasants, cranes, ducks, and geese.

This page was last updated: November, 2013