• Norway!

    Norway: Sunnylvsfjord. Go Now!

    Known for its natural beauty, Norway is home to isolated villages, fjords, and mountains that create a culture and landscape without compare. Begin Your Journey!

  • Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Macedonia!

    Macedonia: Traditional architecture. Go Now!

    Macedonia is a country still finding its unique identity, but its architecture is already one of a kind. Explore Macedonia!

  • Austria!

    Austria: Belvedere Palace. Go Now!

    Belvedere Palace (pictured) is just one of many palaces found in Vienna. The capital is a good start to Austria, which also features the Alps, the Lakes District, and incredible history & food. Go Now!

  • Spain!

    Spain: Guell Park and Gaudi architecture. Go Now!

    Fusion foods, lively music, historic ruins, and cultural events like the Running of the Bulls and La Tomatina make Spain and Barcelona (pictured) a favorite tourist destination. Explore Spain!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Spain


Spanish Geography - Coastline

Spain is situated on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula in southwest Europe between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Spain borders Portugal (west), France (north), and Andorra (north). Spain also is located very close to Morocco, which is just across the Strait of Gibraltar (Gibraltar however, is governed by the United Kingdom).

Geographically, Spain is quite elevated, but there are only a few true alpine ranges. The tallest mountains are the Pyrenees Mountains, which form the northern border with France. There are also a couple additional ranges of some significance along the northern coast, southeastern coast, and in central Spain. The only low-lying land is in the southwest, which is where many of the rivers that begin in the mountains drain. Much of the rest of the country's interior is at elevation, but not mountainous, while most of the coasts have some space before the mountains begin, encouraging most of the population to settle in these areas.


Spanish Geography - Field

Spain's weather is difficult to predict as the country is exposed to a number of climatic variations and movements. Due to the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa breeze, northern winds, and mountain ranges, Spain has nearly every weather pattern.

Summers tend to be hot and dry in the south as winds off the North Atlantic current or North Africa are pushed into the country, while the north, particularly the mountains, tends to be more humid, but this can change with the wind direction very quickly. In Madrid the daily high during the summer is generally about 90° F (32° C), while further north in Bilbao the daily high may only be about 75° F (24° C), although both places can experience drastic dips at night, down to 15-30° F (8-16° C) cooler.

Winters in Spain are also fairly mild outside the mountains and parts of the country's interior. Other than the mountains, it is rare for the temperature to get and stay below 32° F (0° C) for more than a day or two; both Madrid and Bilbao generally reach the mid-50s (12-13° C) during the winter days.

Springs and falls (autumns) again vary based on the winds and location, but generally remain on the warm and temperate side, with some regions, particularly in the north getting significant amounts of rainfall.


Spanish Geography - Vineyards

Spain is home to wolves, bears, ibex, goats, boar, and deer along with many smaller mammals. The country also boasts an incredible variety of freshwater and saltwater fish as the country is bordered by the Mediterranean and Atlantic.

Spain has an incredibly huge number of bird species, both permanent residents and those migrating both north and south. Many of these species are from Africa and are rarer than many birds that can be found elsewhere in Europe.

This page was last updated: November, 2013