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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of St. Lucia


St. Lucian Geography - Coastline

St. Lucia is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea located in an island chain known as the Lesser Antilles, and more specifically the Windward Islands. To the north of St. Lucia is the French territory of Martinique and to the south is St. Vincent & the Grenadines. To St. Lucia's west is the Caribbean Sea and to the east is the Atlantic Ocean and the island nation of Barbados.

St. Lucia has a heavily forested volcanic mountain range running north and south. Cutting the island in all direction, but primarily to the east and to the west are a number of small rivers. Due to the mountains, nearly everyone lives along the island's coast.


St. Lucian Geography - Piton Peaks
Piton Peaks

St. Lucia has a very consistent weather pattern throughout the year with the only exception being the occasional tropical storm. Average temperatures move between about 65-85° F (18-30° C) from night to day. The wet season, which coincides with hurricane season, is from June to November. During this time most of the rain falls in the mountains as the coasts are drier. Most hurricanes that hit St. Lucia are relatively mild as they tend to be in their infancy when they hit, although much larger storms are possible.


St. Lucian Geography - Coast

St. Lucia has an odd wildlife system as the island nation has few indigenous mammals due to its volcanic origin; nearly every mammal you see was brought to the island by people. Off the island's shore though there are some native mammals including the whale and dolphins. More than the mammals though, these seas are teaming with fish and other sea life from larger animals like sharks and barracudas to smaller animals including eels, angelfish, grouper, sponges, lobsters, snapper, crabs, and thousands more including coral.

Like the sea life, there are plenty of birds that live on the island or migrate through. These birds are mostly limited to water fowls like ducks and egrets, but there are other non-water fowl species that call the island home, most notably the parrot. Many of the birds on St. Lucia can be found nowhere else on earth and this is the same for the reptilian life. However, its uniqueness, the reptilian and amphibian life is limited in numbers, but there are turtles, snakes, iguanas, and frogs among others. There are numerous other species, including insects.

This page was last updated: November, 2013