• Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Ireland!

    Ireland: Cliffs of Moher! Go Now!

    Ireland
    The Emerald Isle is world famous for its landscapes, foods, beers, and culture. Explore Ireland!

  • Serbia!

    Serbia: Houses in the mountains. Go Now!

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    Serbia is a historic power now looking internally to re-discovery their identity and future. Explore Serbia!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Switzerland!

    Switzerland: The Matterhorn. Go Now!

    Switzerland
    This mountainous country unites ethnic Germans, French, and Italians; making it home to a number of diverse cultures. Go Now!

  • Iceland!

    Iceland: Traditional House! Go Now!

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    Although linked to Scandinavia, as an island Iceland has a culture all its own, but most visitors come for the natural beauty. Explore Iceland!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Sweden

Ethnicity

The majority of the people living in Sweden are ethnic Swedes. This ethnicity is similar to other Nordic ethnicities (Norwegian, Danish, & Icelandic) and is a further descendent of Germanic ethnicities. There are also significant Finnish and Sami minorities in Sweden. The Sami are distance relatives of the Uralic ethnicities from Central Asia, including the Finns, who are also Uralic.

Language

The only official language of Sweden is Swedish, although Sami and Finnish are spoken among many of the ethnic minorities of the same names. Swedish, like other Scandinavian languages, is in the North Germanic language family and is most closely related to Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic.

Nearly everyone in Sweden is at least bilingual with English being the overwhelming favorite for a second language. Nearly everyone in the country is at least conversational in English if not completely fluent. Other major European languages are also commonly taught, including German, Spanish, and French, but not to the degree English is learned.

Religion

The majority of Sweden's population is Lutheran, although there is no official religion. Other religions are also practiced in much smaller numbers, most of which are other Christian sects.

Lutheranism is a protestant religion that was founded by and named after Martin Luther, who led the Protestant Reformation. Like all Christian and protestant faiths, Lutherans believe there is one God and that His son, Jesus is the savior and forgiver of sins. Lutherans also believe that the Bible, which includes the Old and New Testaments, is the only true word of God. It is generally in the interpretation of the Bible that protestant religions vary and this is true in the case of Lutheranism, which tends to interpret the Bible quite differently from Catholicism, which was the religion Lutheranism separated from.

This page was last updated: May, 2014