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    This low-lying country has historic ties to India and Pakistan, but today maintains a wholly unique culture. Explore Bangladesh!

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    The mountains, including the Tian Shan Mountains (pictured), give Kyrgyzstan a unique culture, partially formed from this isolation from the mountains. Go Now!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Uzbekistan


Uzbek Geography - Mountains

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It borders Kazakhstan to the west and north, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan to the south, and Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to the east.

Uzbekistan's high point is in the east where the Tian Shan Mountains help create a border with their neighbors to the east. From here there are a number of rivers flowing west, once reaching the Aral Sea, but in many cases are now diverted to form irrigation for farming. Outside of these rivers, most of the country from the mountains in the east to the Aral Sea in the west is desert. The Aral Sea is shrinking annually, but the rivers that still do flow into the sea from the south form a fertile delta in northwestern Uzbekistan.


Uzbekistan has a continental climate system with hot summers and cool winters. Winter temperatures though don't generally drop too low as the fairly flat country averages about 30° F (-1° C) during this time, but gets little snow or rain. The mountains in the country's east get much cooler and are regularly below freezing, most commonly at nights. Summers, which are from about June to August can get very hot in the dry, low-lying desert with daily highs often exceeding 100° F (38° C). Springs and falls (autumns) tend to shift between these extremes, with most precipitation falling in the spring or late winter, although the country receives very little rain even during this time.


Uzbekistan has a limited number of mammals and other wildlife on its land due to the mostly deserted landscape. Some of the mammals are small and include the squirrel, hedgehog, and fox, although some larger animals exist, like the wolf. The sea life is also limited as there are few rivers or lakes, meaning most of the sea life is in the nearby Caspian Sea. There are hundreds of fish and shellfish in the sea including the sturgeon.

There are a large number of birds that migrate to or through Uzbekistan along with a more limited number of species that remain year-round. Among the more common birds are jays, buzzards, sparrows, reels, vultures, and more. The reptilian and amphibian life is somewhat limited, particularly the amphibian life. However there are snakes and lizards among others. There are numerous smaller animals, including insects like beetles, mosquitoes, and ants, along with spiders and more.

This page was last updated: November, 2013